The concept of future technology and how it should be managed should be looked at keenly in many organizations. This report will look at how cloud computing as a future technology could be managed. This report will explain the implications of cloud computing on business especially in the IT department. In this case, this report will look at the history and the current state of cloud computing, what are its effects in the changing technology, and how it will affect the management issues in organizations (Furht & Escalante, 2010).
Cloud computing is an emerging technology that is aimed and bringing all business processes at the central point. Internet is created in such a way that all processes needed in any business will be found there. In order to ease the usage of this new technology, companies like Microsoft, Google, and Amazon have come up with new ways of creating spaces for storage of both data and software in the internet. As a result of this, managers and other business operators are relieved from the burden of purchasing and installing software, hardware, and hard discs into their computers. Cloud computing technology is bringing about the aspect of global village as one can access his/her business information at any time and place even while away from the business premises (Beard, 2008).
2.0 The History and current state of the cloud computing
2.1 definition of cloud computing
According to Miller (2008), cloud computing is a paradigm shift which denotes internet-based working out where shared resources; software and information are offered to central processing units and other mechanisms on-demand. This is a process whereby services are stored or offered over the internet in an organization. So many may use cloud working out in using online accounting and payroll services instead of venturing in accounting or payroll software (Beard, 2008).
Certainly, the cloud computing technology has been proclaimed as the way of the future despite the fact that it is very new in the Information Technology industry. Cloud computing is generally used to mean the use of internet for all needs of computers in an organization or industry. In the information technology industry, computers are used in most of the activities carried out in this industry and hence cloud computing may be a very appropriate technology here. Rather than having the information in an organization stored in discs, hardware and software; all information is stored on the internet. A good example here is the use of Google mail or the Hotmail services as these services stores all the information an organization may need in their servers. In this relation, an industry may store all its information on the Google Docs and Google Calendar as they are software sites free for use (Marks & Lozano, 2009).
Many organizations want to make benefits out of the free services provided on the internet like Google Docs. A good example here is the Microsoft and the Amazon companies where they have offered windows programs and operating systems which can be used by users to store and sell products. Through these websites, there is no need for extra storage of information in software, discs and hardware as servers are provided with services even into areas of marketing (Miller, 2008).
2.2 The current state of cloud computing
Many organizations and businesses have started the technology of cloud computing where they store most of the information about their businesses on the internet. According to Miller (2008), if cloud computing is dismissed out of hand there will be a big mistake in technology. This is because it is cheaper and allows organizations to concentrate on their main businesses. Importantly, with cloud computing there is no need of running a data center as the user will pay as he/she goes (Rittinghouse & Ransome, 2009).
Certainly, many organizations and industries are rushing to the cloud computing where as they are inadequately aware of its functioning. Vendors who have a blurred vision as afar as cloud computing is concerned are rushing to it which results to their loss of information. There are very few organizations that are currently making sense out of cloud computing. It should be noted that, there are so many statements about the cloud computing technology which are untrue. Among them as revealed by Miller (2008) are not to do anything mission critical on the internet and statements that stop people from putting sensitive information on the internet. All this information is untrue as there are numerous startups that are fully utilizing cloud computing. Additionally, there are many financial transactions which are occurring on the internet currently. In this case, it can be deduced that there are mixed confusion about cloud computing among private and organization's businesses (Slabeva et al, 2009).
There is a lot of hope for success and failure in the field of cloud computing. As can be learnt from the early cycle for SOA, if people will not be very sensitive and serious about the use of cloud computing there will be mistakes similar to those committed previously on SOA. This will result to having a lot of garbage on the internet. In this case, as indicated by Beard (2008) the vendors who are simultaneously rushing to the cloud computing should be well informed that eventually they will have a consistent message unlike today where the message is very ‘cloudy'. Certainly, a total of 60% of all the internet users have utilized cloud computing either by storing data or used a web-based software application (Furht & Escalante, 2010).
Evidences have suggested that the state of cloud computing is strong and there are steps put in consideration to make it stronger. Businesses have grown drastically following the introduction of cloud computing. Most businesses are marketing and advertising their products on the internet rather than buying software, hardware and disc to store their information. A good example is Morgans Hotel Group which has deployed Google Apps to its 1,750 employees. Additionally, many companies have gone to Google Apps like John Diversey which is an international supplier of profitable cleaning and hygiene products. In the current state of cloud computing, most companies have moved their employees from the Microsoft Exchange to Google Apps even though there are others that are slow in changing. A very simple example which can be given in explaining the current state of cloud computing is the increasing practice of people storing their business plans and other information like list of directors in their Gmails (Beard, 2008).
In the developed countries, there are increased usage of cloud computing among companies and organizations. This has been brought about by the increased technological advancement in the field of information technology. On the other hand, developing countries have not contributed a lot in cloud computing as could be compared to the developed countries. It's a challenge to the developing countries to exploit the opportunities provided by cloud computing in order to reduce the associated risks in allowing access to advanced information technology (Marks & Lozano, 2009).
In the current state of cloud computing storage of information is basically close calculation and hence information management is simpler than when it is in grids. On this basis, as indicated by Furht and Escalante (2010) implementation and storage of data is significantly smaller and hence effective in assignment of jobs as well as data setting and convey (Rittinghouse & Ransome, 2009).
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